Chapter VII. Expand the Circle of Development by Opening Societies and Building the
Infrastructure of Democracy
Section B. Current Context: Successes and Challenges
The United States has improved the lives of millions of people and transformed the
practice of development by adopting more effective policies and programs.
· Advancing Development and Reinforcing Reform. The Administration pioneered
a revolution in development strategy with the Millennium Challenge Account
program, rewarding countries that govern justly, invest in their people, and foster
economic freedom. The program is based on the principle that each nation bears the
responsibility for its own development. It offers governments the opportunity and the
means to undertake transformational change by designing their own reform and
development programs, which are then funded through the Millennium Challenge
Corporation (MCC). The MCC has approved over $1.5 billion for compacts in eight
countries, is working with over a dozen other countries on compacts, and has
committed many smaller grants to other partner countries.
· Turning the Tide Against AIDS and Other Infectious Diseases. The President's
Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief is an unprecedented, 5-year, $15 billion effort.
Building on the success of pioneering programs in Africa, we have launched a major
initiative that will prevent 7 million new infections, provide treatment to 2 million
infected individuals, and care for 10 million AIDS orphans and others affected by the
disease. We have launched a $1.2 billion, 5-year initiative to reduce malaria deaths
by 50 percent in at least 15 targeted countries. To mobilize other nations and the
private sector, the United States pioneered the creation of the Global Fund to Fight
HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. We are the largest donor to the Fund and
have already contributed over $1.4 billion.
· Promoting Debt Sustainability and a Path Toward Private Capital Markets. The
Administration has sought to break the burden of debt that traps many poor countries
by encouraging international financial institutions to provide grants instead of loans
to low-income nations. With the United Kingdom, we spearheaded the G-8 initiative
to provide 100 percent multilateral debt relief to qualifying Heavily Indebted Poor
National Security Strategy 31
Countries. Reducing debt to sustainable levels allows countries to focus on
immediate development challenges. In the long run, reducing debt also opens access
to private capital markets which foster sound policies and long-term growth.
· Addressing Urgent Needs and Investing in People. The United States leads the
world in providing food relief. We launched the Initiative to End Hunger in Africa,
using science, technology, and market incentives to increase the productivity of
African farmers. We launched a 3-year, $900 million initiative to provide clean water
to the poor. We have tripled basic education assistance through programs such as the
Africa Education Initiative, which will train teachers and administrators, build
schools, buy textbooks, and expand opportunities inside and outside the classroom.
· Unleashing the Power of the Private Sector. The Administration has sought to
multiply the impact of our development assistance through initiatives such as the
Global Development Alliance, which forges partnerships with the private sector to
advance development goals, and Volunteers for Prosperity, which enlists some of our
Nation's most capable professionals to serve strategically in developing nations.
· Fighting Corruption and Promoting Transparency. Through multilateral efforts
like the G-8 Transparency Initiative and our policy of denying corrupt foreign
officials entry into the United States, we are helping ensure that organized crime and
parasitic rulers do not choke off the benefits of economic assistance and growth.
We have increased our overall development assistance spending by 97 percent since
2000. In all of these efforts, the United States has sought concrete measures of success.
Funding is a means, not the end. We are giving more money to help the world's poor,
and giving it more effectively.
Many challenges remain, including:
· Helping millions of people in the world who continue to suffer from poverty and
· Ensuring that the delivery of assistance reinforces good governance and sound
economic policies; and
· Building the capacity of poor countries to take ownership of their own development