Chapter V. Prevent Our Enemies from Threatening Us, Our Allies, and Our Friends with Weapons
of Mass Destruction
Section B. Current Context: Successes and Challenges
We have worked hard to protect our citizens and our security. The United States has
worked extensively with the international community and key partners to achieve
· The United States has begun fielding ballistic missile defenses to deter and protect the
United States from missile attacks by rogue states armed with WMD. The fielding of
such missile defenses was made possible by the United States' withdrawal from the
1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, which was done in accordance with the treaty's
· In May 2003, the Administration launched the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI),
a global effort that aims to stop shipments of WMD, their delivery systems, and
related material. More than 70 countries have expressed support for this initiative,
and it has enjoyed several successes in impeding WMD trafficking.
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· United States leadership in extensive law enforcement and intelligence cooperation
involving several countries led to the roll-up of the A.Q. Khan nuclear network.
· Libya voluntarily agreed to eliminate its WMD programs shortly after a PSI
interdiction of a shipment of nuclear-related material from the A.Q. Khan network to
· The United States led in securing passage in April 2004 of United Nations Security
Council (UNSC) Resolution 1540, requiring nations to criminalize WMD
proliferation and institute effective export and financial controls.
· We have led the effort to strengthen the ability of the International Atomic Energy
Agency (IAEA) to detect and respond to nuclear proliferation.
· The Administration has established a new comprehensive framework, Biodefense for
the 21st Century, incorporating innovative initiatives to protect the United States
Nevertheless, serious challenges remain:
· Iran has violated its Non-Proliferation Treaty safeguards obligations and refuses to
provide objective guarantees that its nuclear program is solely for peaceful purposes.
· The DPRK continues to destabilize its region and defy the international community,
now boasting a small nuclear arsenal and an illicit nuclear program in violation of its
· Terrorists, including those associated with the al-Qaida network, continue to pursue
· Some of the world's supply of weapons-grade fissile material the necessary
ingredient for making nuclear weapons is not properly protected.
· Advances in biotechnology provide greater opportunities for state and non-state
actors to obtain dangerous pathogens and equipment.