Chapter IV. Work with Others to Defuse Regional Conflicts
Section B. Current Context: Successes and Challenges
The world has seen remarkable progress on a number of the most difficult regional
conflicts that destroyed millions of lives over decades.
· In Sudan, the United States led international negotiations that peacefully resolved the
20-year conflict between the Government of Sudan and the Sudanese Peoples
· In Liberia, the United States led international efforts to restore peace and bolster
stability after vicious internal conflict.
· Israeli forces have withdrawn from the Gaza Strip and the northern West Bank,
creating the prospect for transforming Israeli-Palestinian relations and underscoring
the need for the Palestinian Authority to stand up an effective, responsible
· Relations between India and Pakistan have improved, with an exchange of high-level
visits and a new spirit of cooperation in the dispute over Kashmir a cooperation
made more tangible by humanitarian actions undertaken following a destructive
· The cooperative approach to the relief effort following the tsunami that hit Indonesia
resulted in political shifts that helped make possible a peaceful settlement in the bitter
separatist conflict in Aceh.
· In Northern Ireland, the implementation of key parts of the Good Friday Agreement,
including the decommissioning of weapons, marked a substantial milestone in ending
that long-standing civil conflict.
Numerous remaining regional challenges demand the world's attention:
National Security Strategy
· In Darfur, the people of an impoverished region are the victims of genocide arising
from a civil war that pits a murderous militia, backed by the Sudanese Government,
against a collection of rebel groups.
· In Colombia, a democratic ally is fighting the persistent assaults of Marxist terrorists
· In Venezuela, a demagogue awash in oil money is undermining democracy and
seeking to destabilize the region.
· In Cuba, an anti-American dictator continues to oppress his people and seeks to
subvert freedom in the region.
· In Uganda, a barbaric rebel cult the Lord's Resistance Army is exploiting a
regional conflict and terrorizing a vulnerable population.
· In Ethiopia and Eritrea, a festering border dispute threatens to erupt yet again into
· In Nepal, a vicious Maoist insurgency continues to terrorize the population while the
government retreats from democracy.